Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number 66000949
Historic Name WHEELOCK ACADEMY
Description of Significance WHEELOCK ACADEMY WAS THE ARCHETYPE FOR THE TRIBAL SCHOOL SYSTEM ESTABLISHED BY THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES IN INDIAN TERRITORY. AS THE FIRST NATIONAL ACADEMY FOUNDED UNDER THE CHOCTAW NATIONS ACT OF 1842, WHEELOCK SET THE PRECEDENT FOR SOME 35 ACADEMIES AND SEMINARIES MAINTAINED BY THE FIVE TRIBES. WHEELOCK BEGAN AS A MISSION SCHOOL, ESTABLISHED BY REV ALFRED WRIGHT IN 1832. AFTER 1842, WRIGHT WAS HIRED BY THE CHOCTAW NATION TO OPERATE WHEELOCK AS A NATIONAL SCHOOL. THE SCHOOL SUFFERED DURING THE CIVIL WAR. IT REOPENED AFTER THE WAR, BUT WAS NEARLY DESTROYED BY FIRE IN 1869. IT WAS REBUILT WITH ASSISTANCE FROM THE SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. WHEELOCK REMAINED A TRIBAL SCHOOL UNTIL 1932. AT THAT TIME, IT BECAME A U.S. GOVERNMENT INDIAN SCHOOL. IN 1955, THE SCHOOL MERGED WITH JONES ACADEMY AND THE SCHOOL CLOSED ITS DOORS. WHEELOCK ACADEMY INCLUDED MULTIPLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES. CONTRIBUTING BUILDINGS INCLUDE THE OLD SEMINARY, THE DINING HALL, THE OLD BARN, THE CHAPEL, THE DOMESTIC SCIENCE BUILDING, AND THE ARTS AND CRAFTS BUILDING. THE OLD SEMINARY IS THE OLDEST OF THESE EXTANT STRUCTURES, HAVING BEEN BUILT SHORTLY AFTER THE FIRE IN 1869. DESIGNATED A NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK 12/21/1965. LISTED IN NATIONAL REGISTER 10/15/1966.
Current Name
Address E OF MILLERTON AND 1.5 MILES N OF US 70
City MILLERTON VICINITY
County MCCURTAIN
Lot
Block
Current Section NE 1/4 SECTION 34
Township 6S
Range 22E
Type DISTRICT
Historic Function EDUCATION: SCHOOL
Current Function VACANT / NOT IN USE
Area Signficance 1 EDUCATION
Area Significance 2 ETHNIC HERITAGE: NATIVE AMERICAN
Date Prepared 1966
Year Built 1870 -1874
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder UNKNOWN
Architectural Style UNCOLLECTED
Roof Material WOOD
Wall Material WOOD
Window Material UNCOLLECTED
Door Material UNCOLLECTED
Decorative Details
Condition POOR
Comments
Restricted N